The English curriculum encompasses three broad areas of study – reading, writing and speaking and listening – and all areas are embedded within the wider curriculum. Students in Grade 5 will work on developing their reading so they are able to read aloud a wider range of poetry and books written at an age-appropriate interest level with accuracy and at a reasonable speaking pace. They should be able to read most words effortlessly and to work out how to pronounce unfamiliar written words with increasing automaticity. Students will prepare readings, with appropriate intonation to show their understanding, and will begin to summarise and present a familiar story in their own words. They will be expected to read widely and frequently, outside as well as in school, for pleasure and information. They will work on reading silently, with good understanding, inferring the meanings of unfamiliar words, and then discuss what they have read. In the area of writing, students will work on writing down their ideas quickly with broadly accurate grammar and punctuation. Students will continue to expand their spelling vocabulary and be able to spell most words taught so far accurately, including words that they have not yet been taught by using what they have learnt about how spelling works in English. Students will also work on consciously controlling the structure of the sentences in their writing and understand why sentences are constructed as they are. During Grade 5, the emphasis will continue to be on promoting the students’ enjoyment and understanding of language, especially vocabulary, to support their reading and writing. Students’ knowledge of language, gained from stories, plays, poetry, non-fiction and textbooks, will support their increasing fluency as readers, their facility as writers, and their comprehension. This will in turn will help support and enhance the effectiveness of their writing as well as their overall competence within the English language medium. Students in Grade 5 will also have numerous opportunities to develop their wider skills in spoken language; building confidence, enjoyment and mastery of language through public speaking, performance and debate. They will work on increasing their understanding of the audience for, and purpose of, their writing and speaking by selecting appropriate vocabulary and grammar. Students will develop a deeper understanding of the nuances in vocabulary choice including age-appropriate, academic vocabulary and vocabulary used for effect.