The English curriculum encompasses three broad areas of study – reading, writing and speaking and listening – and all areas are embedded within the wider curriculum. Students in grade 1 focus on continuing to build and consolidate the work they covered in KG 2. Students work towards being able to sound and blend unfamiliar printed words quickly and accurately using the phonic knowledge and skills that they have already learnt through the Jolly Phonics and Letters and Sounds programmes. Students also work on learning new grapheme-phoneme and revise and consolidate those learnt earlier, including common words containing unusual grapheme-phonemes. Along with these skills, students develop the skill of blending the sounds into words for reading and establish the habit of applying this skill whenever they encounter new words. With their growing bank of phonic knowledge and skill, students are supported by practicing to read books consistent with their developing reading level and of a high-quality to develop their love of reading and broaden their vocabulary. Writing during grade 1 generally develops at a slower pace than their reading as the students need to encode the sounds they hear in words (spelling skills) and continue to develop the physical skill needed for handwriting. Along with the basic skills of writing, students in grade 1 learn how to organise their ideas in writing to produce short stories of two or more sentences. Writing is also developed within the wider curriculum to help support of the overall development of the students’ writing skills. Students have a chance to develop their speaking and listening skills through a wide variety of class activities. Students’ oral vocabulary, as well as their ability to understand and use a variety of grammatical structures, is embedded throughout the English curriculum and the wider curriculum in general.